Investigating illegal gold mining in the Amazon
In Brazil’s northernmost region, the land of the Yanomami Indigenous people was once a natural paradise. But since the 1970s, this area within the Amazon biome has attracted a surge of outsiders in search of gold — and the results have been devastating. Covering almost 10 million hectares in the states of Roraima and Amazonas, the Yanomami Indigenous Territory (TI, in Portuguese), is the largest Indigenous area in Brazil, measuring twice the size of Switzerland. It is estimated that 38,000 Yanomami people currently live there and in an adjacent Indigenous territory across the border in Venezuela, where at least one group lives in voluntary isolation from the world outside.